8; 0. 6-11", "The Partition of the Gilbert and Ellice Islands", South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands, Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Gilbert_and_Ellice_Islands&oldid=994018973, Former British colonies and protectorates in Oceania, States and territories established in 1892, States and territories disestablished in 1976, 1892 establishments in the British Empire, 1976 disestablishments in the British Empire, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Get great deals on eBay! Total land area 108 square miles (280 square km). The islands became part of the independent Republic of Kiribati in 1979. In 1974, ethnic differences within the colony caused the Polynesians of the Ellice Islands to vote for separation from the Gilbert Islands (later Kiribati). The story is told by a British Authority, Arthur Grimble, whilst the nation was a British Protectorate. | Free shipping on many items! Cinderellas of the Empire: Towards a History of Kiribati and Tuvalu, Australian National University Press, Canberra. Find what to do today, this weekend, or in September. The five islands of the Central and Southern Line Islands were added to the colony in 1972.. The Gilbertese initiated a cultural movement called Tungaru leaded by Reuben Uatioa and created the Gilbertese National Party in 1965, protesting that British rulers showed preference to Ellicean civil servants. The Union Islands (Revocation) Order in Council, 1948, after reciting the agreement by the governments of the United Kingdom and New Zealand that the islands should become part of New Zealand, revoked the Union Islands (No. , After World War II, the colony headquarters was re-established on Tarawa, first on Betio islet and subsequently on Bairiki islet. 1958 Gilbert & Ellice Islands #68 Canton Island to USA aerogramme [y5655] C $39.35. A referendum was held in Ellice Islands, including Elliceans living in Ocean Island and Tarawa, from July to September 1974, using a rolling ballot, to determine whether the Gilbert Islands and Ellice Islands should each have their own administration. On 1925, Great Britain asks New Zealand to accept responsibility for the administration of the Union Islands (Tokelau) and invites the United States to annex Swains Island. See more ideas about Gilbert islands, Tarawa, Battle of tarawa. A protectorate was generally established over this area (but not specifically over these islands) by the Pacific Islanders Protection Act of 1857 and then in 1877 for the British Western Pacific Territories. Williams, M., & Macdonald, B. K. (1985). Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Macdonald, B. K. (1982). The name Ellice was applied to all nine islands, of what is now Tuvalu, after the work of English hydrographer Alexander George Findlay.. On 31 December 1936, the population of the Crown Colony totalled 34,443 inhabitants, including 32,390 Gilbert and Ellice Islanders, 262 Europeans and 923 Chinese (Mongoloids). On 29 November 1941, Operation Gi (for Gilbert Islands) was decided within the Japanese 4th Fleet and departed from Truk, headquarters of the South Seas Mandate. The Gilbert and Ellice Islands Colony (GEIC) were formerly designated an ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 country code "GE" until 1977. , A Colony Conference was organised at Marakei in 1956, which was attended by officials and representatives (magistrates) from each island in the Gilbert and Ellice Islands Colony, conferences were held every two years until 1962. Both claimed in 1908; territories formed in 1962 (British Antarctic Territory) and 1985 (South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands). Other Europeans discovered the remaining islands between 1799 and 1826. The islets of South Tarawa that house the seats of government in Kiribati—Bairiki (executive), Ambo (legislative), and Betio (judicial)—have developed as semiurban communities. In 1886, an Anglo-German agreement partitioned the “unclaimed” central Pacific, leaving Nauru in the German sphere of influence, while Ocean Island and the future GEIC wound up in the British sphere of influence. During the year 1916, the Union Islands (Tokelau) were also annexed to the Gilbert and Ellice Islands colony. Thomas Gilbert sighted Tarawa and Capt. The islands were occupied by Japanese forces in 1941, but the Japanese were driven out by Allied troops in 1943. In all of these areas there appear to have been some chiefs who were supported principally by tribute from their subjects, who were the object of considerable deference, who could punish…. , By the Tokelau Act of 1948, sovereignty over Tokelau was transferred to New Zealand.  & 0. It became apparent that the Elliceans were concerned about their minority status on the Gilbert and Ellice Islands Colony, and the Elliceans wanted equal representation to that of the Gilbertese. First visited by Europeans by the early 19th century, the group was proclaimed a British The indigenous people of the Gilberts are Micronesians. David Chappell, Water Nations: Colonial Bordering, Exploitation, and Indigenous Nation-Building in Kiribati and Tuvalu, The main reason of the choice of Tarawa as the capital of the protectorate is because the lagoon has a large ship pass. Gilbert Islands Tarawa It comprises North Tarawa, which has 6,629 inhabitants and much in common with other more remote islands of the Gilberts group , and South Tarawa , which has 56,388 inhabitants as of 2015, half of the country's total population. To this was added. Abemama Abemama, Gilbert Islands, the land of the moon-light, is known by many as the island where the Declaration of a British Protectorate was made by Captain Davis of ‘Royalist’ on 27 May 1892. , it was made a colony with the Ellice Islands used their postage. Gilbert and Ellice Islands Advisory Council election held in 1964 an Executive Council was established with eight officials and representatives! 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