This device adds a force to your tonearm preventing it from skipping (or ‘skating’ across) the grooves. There are many dogmatic “rules” regarding the placement of tonearm counterweights, such as “the counterweight should always be as close as possible to the pivot”. The latter is essential to hold the cartridge firmly so that as much musical groove information as possible is transformed to its electrical equivalent and fed to the preamp. Re: Effective weight - how to measure Sound depends on how many parameters were taken into account. We're all good, this is a combination that works really well. A small overshoot at about 5 Hz should be harmless. m c – weight of cartridge. = ⋅ 1 2π where F is the frequency, M is the mass and C is the compliance. some tools to calculate the effective mass. Effective mass 12,7g (3009-R), 12,8g (3010-R) or 14g (3012-R). In the booklet he recommends a tonearm resonance frequency between 8 and 16 Hz, 11 being ideal. For example, a Grado F3+ on a vintage Micro-Trak arm. When used according to the instructions, and counterbalancing an ADC XLM-II, the effective mass (minus that of the cartridge) is around 4.5 grams, rising to about 6 grams—an ideal figure-when … AT95e compliance = 20. gives resonant frequency of 9.7 hz - pretty shit hot! It pulls the tonearm out a little bit, effectively balancing the … Logged Wout. The effective mass on a Technics SL-1200 / SL-1210 tonearm is 12 grams (7.5 g headshell, 4.5 g arm). A mass of 10 grams or lower is considered a low mass arm. These calculations include mobility and diffusion constants calculations. Database Database Tools Resonance Evaluator Record Equalization. Using theoretical calculators (good science) suggests that actual performance is improved by … * A phono cartridge whose compliance is rated at 12 x l0ˉ6 or below, is considered low compliance. Note that the effective mass of your tonearm should be specified by the manufacturer and similarly, your cartridge weight and compliance should also be specified by the cartridge manufacturer. A medium-to-high mass arm, with a 10-11g effective mass, its use of materials has been optimised to provide maximum structural resonance control and rigidity. There is a lot of online tools and quick formulas for calculating tonearm resonance 1 , unfortunately these are mostly not correct – or they are correct enough, as they are based on estimates and approximations. Funny thing: During the build I pondered over how to set VTF as with the CW arrangement I had this could not be easily done behind the pivot, so I opted for the weight at the stylus end. Tonearm Resonant Frequency can be calculated using following formula: where: f rez – resonant frequency of tonearm. SME 309, IV, IV-Vi, V, Triplanar, Graham). In the case of the SME 3009 Improved with fixed head shell, the arm is rated to have an effective mass of 6.5 grams. If you need a significant change in the tonearm effective mass and if you can then you have to do it at the tonearm headshell position. Clearaudio Satisfy Black Tonearm The Satisfy Black tonearm features high-quality, handmade Swiss vertical and lateral bearings composed of polished sapphire. Note that the effective mass of your tonearm should be specified by the manufacturer and similarly, your cartridge weight and compliance should also be specified by the cartridge manufacturer. Small note before proceeding, my definition of effective mass is the mass that would be measured at the tip of the tone arm if the arm itself had a mass of zero and a weight were hung a the tip of it. A mass of 11-25 grams is considered moderate mass, and an arm rated at above 25 grams is considered high mass. As an example, if we had an arm/cartridge with a combined mass of 15.8g, and a cartridge with a compliance of 10, the resonant frequency would be 12.45 Hz. Expect no bass and really poor tracking as acceleration's off into the stratosphere. The Gear To carry on with the research, we built the device shown in Figure 2 (you can see its picture in the top-right of the article). frez - resonant frequency of tonearm mef - effective mass of tonearm mc - weight of cartridge ms - mass of the screws, nuts, spacers, washers, shims c - compliance of the cartridge. Well, frequency, mass and compli- ance don’t tell us much, what we need is … Tonearm Effective Mass H CF Step 5 V Step 6 Calculate the effective tonearm mass Enter mass of cartridge & fixings in grams If tonearm has detachable headshell, detach & weigh (without cartridge) Measure distance L from stylus to pivot in cm, or lookup effective length specification Remove counter weight and weigh it Data Sheets Building Design Turntable Wands Surface Pdf Classic Crafts Record Player Table. The Technics 1200 manual says the tonearm's effective mass is 12 grams without cartridge, that the headshell is 7.5 grams, and that cartridge+headshell weight can be up to 20.5 grams, so I guess using the standard 1200 tonearm is out (I'm sure that's obvious to many of you). 3.5 out of 5 stars Best Sellers Rank RB330 User Manual 786KB pdf Effective Length 236.5 mm. 14.5 mm. As an example, if we had an arm/cartridge with a combined mass of 15.8g, and a cartridge with a compliance of 10, the resonant frequency would be 12.45 Hz. The range of "acceptable" or optimal resonant frequency will vary somewhat depending on who you ask. Dear Badcap: Go up but the change in the effective mass will be small due that the counterweight is near the tonearm pivot. Compare this to the Thorens TP16 Mk 1 tonearm which has a rated To make music lovers enjoy a 16"tonearm, I developed the EMT 16" tonearm. If it is given without a cartridge and headshell, please enter their respective masses too. Low / 11 g. Mounting Distance (platter centre to arm hole centre) 222 mm. c – compliance of the cartridge. I have used calculations similar to the above "Tonearm Effective Mass" calculator at Vinyl Engine to consider the optimum "Total Effective Mass" for a given phono cartridge compliance. Here’s an excerpt from the calculator for a 19g effective mass tonearm (Kuzma 14″ 4 point). Dear Badcap: Go up but the change in the effective mass will be small due that the counterweight is near the tonearm pivot. This topic bothered me a long time, especially when it seemed more or less impossible to find specific data about the effective mass of the stock Lenco (L75) arm. The aluminum arm tube is both light rigid while the two-piece aluminum headshell with adjustable azimuth allows for the accurate alignment of any phono cartridge type. If I want to get closer to 10 Hz, I need to increase the effective mass of the arm/cartridge to 31.7g. The motor upgrade is usually as effective as upgrading to a Silver tonearm but this depends on the quality of your current turntable motor drive. Other headshells tend to amplify the tonearm's armtube main resonant mode rather a lot. Effective Mass The effective mass is the mass of the tonearm, including the headshell, seen by the stylus. The effective mass is the mass of the tonearm, including the headshell, seen by the stylus. Inertia is in part proportional to the mass of the counterweight, and to the square of the distance of the counterweight from the pivot point. The effective mass of the Jelco 750D 9″ tonearm with the standard headshell but without cartridge is 13.48g.. If I use the 10 g auxiliary weight that screws into the back of the arm (behind the counterweight), does this change the effective mass of the arm to 22 grams? For full technical specifications, download RB330 User Manual below. Ilkka, "Luckydog" made a tonearm effective mass calculator over at vinylengine.com. For a tonearm without a removeable headshell, leave the last field empty unless you use particularly heavy mounting hardware. The resonant frequencies calculated by the evaluator are applicable only to those measured at 10Hz. Desired Tonearm Mass Calculator: Cartridge compliance[cu] Desired resfreq [Hz] (Total)Effective Mass needed[gr] It is interesting to note that Poul Ladegaard of 'Bruel og Kjaer' determined empirically that the 'best" resonance frequency would be much higher (15Hz to 18Hz) than what is normally considered desirable. Here was cited 9-11Hz, several say 8-12Hz, FKuzma says 6-16Hz. Where M is the mass of the arm, CW is the mass of the cartridge, FW is the mass of the screws, nuts, spacers, washers, shims and C is the compliance of the cartridge. Main counterweight can be split into two pieces to change the range of acceptable cartridge mass (two different removeable pieces are available : 64g, 77g). 40 gram effective mass, 40 μm/mN compliance. To use the resonance evaluator simply enter your tonearm's effective mass in the text box and press submit. Armtube material can suppress these parasitic accoustic vibrations (and of course, tonearm's effective mass depends mainly on armtube material). Effective length. Clearaudio Satisfy Black Tonearm The Satisfy Black tonearm features high-quality, handmade Swiss vertical and lateral bearings composed of polished sapphire. The effective mass of my SME V-12 arm is specified as 12g. Offset Angle 21.55 ° Overhang. Tonearms effective mass was propably ~14 g as there is still massive headshell connector metal part in tonearm tube and with 6g cartridge effective mass goes ~19g. My AirTight Supreme cartridge weighs 12g and has a compliance specification of 8. It is most effective in the case where a medium or low mass tonearm needs to be paired with a cartridge of low compliance. Effective mass - Low / 11g Overhang 17.2mm Mounting distance platter center to arm hole center 222mm Product information Product Dimensions 12 x 4 x 3 inches Item Weight 0.388 ounces ASIN B01CPSJCCG Customer Reviews: 3.5 out of 5 stars 5 ratings. Effective mass: 13.4 gr: Range of height adjustment (distance between the arm base bottom and center of the arm pipe) 38~60 mm: TK-850S - Jelco TK-850S 9" Static-balance with knife edge tonearm - F e a t u r e s : Bearing for vertical direction equipped super steel metal KNIFE EDGE system. If you need a significant change in the tonearm effective mass and if you can then you have to do it at the tonearm headshell position. Barrel-shaped main counterweight. 14 gram effective mass, 5 μm/mN compliance. Where M is the mass of the arm, CW is the mass of the cartridge, FW is the mass of the screws, nuts, spacers, washers, shims and C is the compliance of the cartridge. therefore tonearm makers rate their arms in terms of effective mass before a cartridge is mounted. Tonearm is mechanical, acoustical and electronic system. THE PHYSICS OF EFFECTIVE MASS. The amplitude of stylus movement is given as 0.1mm. I did find some info however, and The Wand Tonearm, Turntable and Phono Stage Data. … The effective arm mass is the mass in relation to the spindle that the cartridge sees. What do we know? This is highly unusual. This likely limits the aftermarket options. The set of parameters of this system determine characteristics of tonearm. Another example is the calculation of the shallow impurity levels using a hydrogen-like model. I have already been told my just purchased ZYX R100FS (Fuji Silver high output) is a good match for the tonearm. ie. Return and secure the tonearm. The aluminum arm tube is both light rigid while the two-piece aluminum headshell with adjustable azimuth allows for the accurate alignment of any phono cartridge type. Jelco publishes its effective mass (13.5g), so that should make our calculations easier. This tonearm does not have a fixed effective mass, but is variable due to its different counter weights and the distance to the pivot point of the tonearm It is one of the very rare tonearms with variable mass worldwide.A tonearm with variable effective mass, which makes it possible to use all cartridges with low compliance or with high compliance. Everything above the green zone is an "overshoot", when the movement of the headshell is larger than that of the stylus. Compliance/Effective Mass Calculator Please enter the tonearm's effective mass as specified by the manufacturer. A tonearm whose effective mass is rated between 11 and 25 grams is considered moderate mass (e.g. Effective Mass. Here is correspondence from Jelco, Haruo Uchida/Sales Manager. Calculate Tonearm Effective Mass Calculate Voltage Gain (From Input and db Gain) Calculate Cartridge Input Voltage (From Output and db Gain) db Gain Calculator (Voltage/Current/Stylus Velocity) Effective Mass. ... the moment of inertia is m x r squared where m is the mass and r is the distance to its centre of rotation. Tonearm Effective Mass H CF Step 5 V Step 6 Calculate the effective tonearm mass Enter mass of cartridge & fixings in grams If tonearm has detachable headshell, detach & weigh (without cartridge) Measure distance L from stylus to pivot in cm, or lookup effective length specification Remove counter weight and weigh it Other headshells tend to amplify the tonearm's armtube main resonant mode rather a lot. Say, a DL-103 on a light arm. Original arm (effective mass ~23g) with 6g cartridge has effective mass ~28g and then according Ortofon only 10-15 um/Nm cartridges (tracking force > 2g) are recommended. Please note that for some Japanese cartridges, the dynamic compliance given at 100 Hz is a completely different measure, given to estimate the tracking at specified downforce. In the same ballpark the spindle height is also taller than I've experienced possibly limiting the weight/clamp options too, I've been eyeballing a Bren1. But in trying to optimize the sound I need to know the tonearm resonance frequency which requires knowing the effective mass of the tonearm. *A tonearm whose effective mass is rated at 10 grams or below is considered low mass (e.g. Using these figures in the calculator I get a resonance frequency figure of 11.486 Hz. Low mass arms* mate well with both moderately high and very high compliance phono cartridges. The other, and usually preferred, alternative is to simply use a tonearm that already has enough effective mass to adequately operate the suspension of a low compliance MC cartridge. A mass of 10 grams or lower is considered a low mass arm. 236.5 mm. We've decided to use our own ceramic headshell to minimize the headshell influence and to be conservative. Administrator Member Offline Location: Minneapolis, Minnesota, USA Posts: 18,234. Cartridge Compliance/Arm Mass chart The following is a quick reference for Soundsmith cartridges and tone arm mass matching; The simple rule is that the LIGHTER the … The ideal effective tonearm mass for these cartridges is 25 grams and yet they track as normal in our 13 gram effective mass tonearm. Arms above 25 grams of mass are high mass in nature (Eminent Technology, Dynavector). Cartridge Database and Tools © OGVCW Software 2005-2009, Design and Content © Vinyl Engine 2002-2020, HiFi Engine | FAQ | Site Policy | Advertising | Cookie Options. early SME’s, Grace 747, Ortofon AS-309S, RS-309D, TA-110 and TA-210). Learn the definition of center of mass and learn how to calculate it. the tonearm does not have a fixed effective mass, but is variable due to its different counter weights and the distance to the pivot point of the tonearm. Short sharp excursion overshoot at 2-3 Hz. m ef – effective mass of tonearm. For full technical specifications, download RB880 User Manual below. Moderate mass tonearms** are good companions for moderate to low compliance cartridges. Effective mass is the moment of inertia divided with distance to spindle (or Effective Length) to the power of 2: EM = MI / EL 2 Where MI is Moment of Inertia and EL is effective length. If it isn't, expect attenuated low frequencies as more energy is transmitted into the tonearm and less is converted into the electrical signal. Effective mass: 13.4 gr: Range of height adjustment (distance between the arm base bottom and center of the arm pipe) 38~60 mm: TK-850S - Jelco TK-850S 9" Static-balance with knife edge tonearm - F e a t u r e s : Bearing for vertical direction equipped super steel metal KNIFE EDGE system. variable tonearm mass with 2 different counter weights. You can therefore figure if you are increasing or decreasing total effective mass by comparing the delta mass to … The excursion overshoot is spread from 5 to 15 Hz. SA-750D effective mass is 13.48gr without cartridge( effective mass is 19.23gr with 6.5gr cartridge). rfgumby. Could be worth a try. Contribute to whzhangg/effective_mass_calculator development by creating an account on GitHub. A mass of 11-25 grams is considered moderate mass, and an arm rated at above 25 grams is considered high mass… Re: Effective Mass Tonearm Mod For Mono Cartridges by Brf » Sat Mar 14, 2015 11:35 am If you are ordering a 10 inch metal arm, change your order to include the optional stainless steel arm tube over the standard aluminum with black shrink wrap. RB880 User Manual 349KB pdf The stylus might hit the hard stops on warped/excentric LPs. Designed using the latest 3D CAD & CAM technology, the new RB330 is the culmination of more than 35 years of tonearm design experience. In the returned table, each column represents the cartridge and fastener weight as denoted at the top of the table, while each row represents the cartridge compliance as denoted by the value in the left most column. A tonearm whose effective mass is rated between 11 and 25 grams is considered moderate mass (e.g. Low / 11 g. Mounting Distance (platter centre to arm hole centre) 222 mm. Featuring a brand new bearing housing and our latest tonearm tube designed using intelligent redistribution of mass, ensure this arm will … ... Tonearm effective mass calculation. From what I have been able to learn without owning a DL103 or 103R, there is almost no limit to the effective mass that those cartridges might "like". Effective Mass. Published compliance figures are measured at frequencies such as 0 Hz, 10Hz or 100Hz. Effective mass = 4.4g + 9g for cartridge, mounting hardware and headshell weight . In general terms, arms with high effective mass fitted with cartridges of high compliance result in resonant frequencies that fall below the ideal range. Acceleration: your line should be in the green zone. To use the resonance evaluator simply enter your tonearm's effective mass in the text box and press submit. Main counterweight position can be adjusted by turning small knurled dial at rear of arm. 35 gram effective mass, 15 μm/mN compliance. If it is given without a cartridge and headshell, please enter their respective masses too. Please enter the tonearm's effective mass as specified by the manufacturer. Arms above 25 grams of mass are high mass in nature (Eminent Technology, Dynavector). We know the distance from pivot point to the tip of the tone arm (the effective length, 230mm for my Technics SL-1200). Jelco publishes its effective mass (13.5g), so that should make our calculations easier. For a tonearm without a removeable headshell, leave the last field empty unless you use particularly heavy mounting hardware. 14.5 mm. That result will be in the cell with the appropriate labels on the top row and left column. Calculation of Inertia. Tracking might also suffer as the tonearm has to work a lot harder. Effective tonearm lenght in mm (from the tonearm pivot to the stylus) 304.8: Mounting distance (from the tonearm pivot to the spindle) 291.6: Offset angle (between a groove and the stylus direction) 18° Overhang in mm (from the spindle to the stylus) 13.2: Effective tonearm mass in grams 17,2 18,5 19,5 (including Alu headshell) 19.5 Since effective mass of different Reed models can be from 8 g to 25 g. The effective mass of a tonearm in combination with the compliance of the cartridge cantilever serves to determine where the resonant frequency of a given tonearm/cartridge match up will be. Downloads. * A phono cartridge whose compliance is rated at 12 x l0ˉ6 or below, is considered low compliance. distance between needle tip and spindle axis. SME 309, IV, IV-Vi, V, Triplanar, Graham). Many parameters were taken into account figure of 11.486 Hz into the.... X l0ˉ6 or below, is considered moderate mass tonearms * * are good companions moderate... 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