This cactus variety will not survive a hard frost, but if there is a risk of freezing temperatures it can be brought indoors to grow on a sunny window sill or under a … "The New Cactus Lexicon" dh books, 20064) Haustein, Erik “Der Kosmos-Kakteenführer” Franckh-Kosmos 19835) John Pilbeam “Mammillaria: the cactus file handbook” Cirio Publishing Services Ltd Dec/30,/19996) Willy Cullmann, Erich Götz, Gerhard Gröner, “Kakteen: Kultur, Vermehrung und Pflege. The axil is slightly woolly.Radial spines: 20 - 25, white, bristle-like, 4 - 6 mm long.Central spines: 12 - 15, copper-red, stronger than the radials and thicker at the base, straight, 10 - 12 mm long.Flowers: Vivid purple/ red to deep pink, 12 mm long and in diameter, encircling the columnar stems.Blooming season: Late winter and spring,Fruits: Purplish red or greenish.Seed: Brown.Remarks: Mammillaria spinosissima “rubrispina” also known as the "Red-headed Irishman" has very attractive copper/red coloured spines and is one of the most beautiful Mammillarias. Keep dry with ample airflow in winter. Parastichy: 13 - 21Tubercles: Ovate conical, four-sided basally. The monstrous form differs from the standard cv. 1838 Lem. Mammillaria auricoma The species was described in 1838 by James Forbes, gardener of the Duke of Bedford. Light shade. Mammillaria matudae flower. $19.30 shipping. Flowers are funnel shaped in colors of yellow, pink, red, green and white. They prefer low humidity and full, filtered sun. The stem grows up to 12 inches (30 cm) tall and up to 4 inches (10 cm) in diameter. : Almost spineless. [8] This plant has gained the Royal Horticultural Society’s Award of Garden Merit. Carl Linnaeus designated Mammillaria as a type genus for cactus in 1753. : This is a stable genetic mutation in which each areole only produces one spine, but some perfectly spineless areoles are also present. £14.00. Mostly solitary but can form pups on old plants. Mammillaria spinosissima subs. pilcayensis (Bravo) D.R.Hunt: It has whiter spines, and the stems can grow up to 50 cm long/high. Mammillaria spinosissima; Media in category "Mammillaria spinosissima" The following 45 files are in this category, out of 45 total. Its diversity is greatest in Mexico. Mammillaria crassior White to pink flowers. It might have some latex and bristles in the axils. The dark green stems are covered with angular tubercles that bear thin, white to reddish brown spines. [2] In 1838, James Forbes, gardener of the Duke of Bedford, listed and described a species he called Echinocactus spinosissimas from a group of cacti he had acquired in Europe three years earlier. 4. pilcayensis (Bravo) D.R.Hunt: It has whiter spines, and the stems can grow up to 50 cm long/high. : It has whiter spines, and the stems can grow up to 50 cm long/high. nov. (Replaced synonym: MAMMILLARIA crassior), : The identity of this plant is extremely vague and unreliable. auricoma f. cristata, Mammillaria spinosissima var. The fruits are red with green dots of 12 millimeters in size. ... Mammillaria elongate cactus with white flowers. Repotting: Repotting every 2-3 years. Once the callus forms, the cutting may be inserted in a container filled with firmed cactus potting mix topped with a surface layer of coarse grit. Flowers pink. M. spinosissima is very variable because of … chrysodactyla, Mammillaria spinosissima subs. Forms tangled brain-like cushions up to 30 (or more) cm in diameter densely spined with bright coppery red spines. In many cases, the petals will feature a darker midstripe. However some warmth throughout the year will increase the grower's success (minimum 5° to 8°C during rest season). Should my mammillaria spinosissima ooze a white sap? Fünfte, völlig neubearbeitete und neugestaltete Auflage.” Stuttgart, Eugen Ulmer Verlag 1984 7) N. L. Britton, J. N. Rose "The Cactaceae. They reach full height after five to ten years. It look fine in a cold greenhouse and frame.Traditional uses: The white, hooked spines of this spherical cactus were used as fish hooks in its native Mexico.Pests & diseases: It may be attractive to a variety of insects, but plants in good condition should be nearly pest-free, particularly if they are grown in a mineral potting-mix, with good exposure and ventilation. Mammillaria Supertexta choice white-spined 4.6cm collectors Mexican cactus. Mammillaria pilcayensis $11.48 shipping. Mammillaria spinosissima , also known as the spiny pincushion cactus, is a species of flowering plant in the cactus family Cactaceae, endemic to the central Mexican states of Guerrero and Morelos, where they grow at elevations of approximately 1,600 to 1,900 metres (5,200 to 6,200 ft). [9], The genus Mammillaria's native habitat ranges from Colombia and Venezuela to the Southwestern United States. cactusfile.com, Southampton 1999. Mammillaria plumosa (Feather Cactus) is a clustering cactus that forms a mound of globose stems, completely covered in white, downy spines. Flowers and fruit. Un Pico cristata, Mammillaria spinosissima cv. I say surprisingly since cacti with fuzzy soft hairs always look like the sort of delicate plants that would rot effortlessly. - Mealy bugs: Occasionally mealy bugs they develop aerial into the new growth among the wool with disfiguring results, but the worst types develop underground on the roots and are invisible except by their effects. It will produce small white or red flowers in summer, often in a circular or halo shape. Mammillaria spinosissima ssp. ... Mammillaria spinosissima 'Un Pico Cristata' Large 14cm Pot. [7], Mammillaria spinosissima, also known as spiny pincushion cactus, are cylindrical plants that grow up to 30 centimetres (12 in) tall and 10 centimetres (3.9 in) wide. Mammillaria spinosissima, also known as the spiny pincushion cactus, endemic to central Mexico. As it is prone to rot under-pot in a smaller container filled with very porous compost. The flowers are purple-pink. Ferocactus latispinus. [4] Mammillaria was previously thought to be monophyletic, but phylogenic analysis indicates that Mammilloydia is "embedded within a 'core' group of Mammillaria species. Use pot with good drainage.Watering: Water regularly in summer, but do not overwater (very wet-sensitively, especially in light of its succulent root system). Forms tangled brain-like cushions up to 30 (or more) cm in diameter densely spined with bright coppery red spines. - Rot: Rot it is only a minor problem with cacti if the plants are watered and “aired” correctly. [2] Others estimate there are as many as two hundred species of Mammillaria, including sixty-two cultivated species from India. : Crested form. castaneoides, Mammillaria spinosissima var. It is a great starter plant for the cactus grower, that readily builds up into a cluster of stems highlighted by reddish spines, further decorated by rings of purple-pink blooms.Growth rate: It is a rapidly growing species. It is very variable due to it's wide area of origin in Mexico. Clumping cactus. Allow the soil to grow quite dryâ the surface of the pot should feel completely dry, but if you poke down about two inches into the pot, the soil should feel very slightly moist.Â. Mammillaria spinosissima subs. Details M. spinosissima is a cactus with usually solitary cylindrical stems to 30cm tall and 10cm diameter, with bristly red-brown or white central spines, cream radials and carmine-pink flowers 2cm long Plant range C Mexico [11], Britton and Rose believe that M. spinosissima has been in cultivation since at least 1835. It offset from the base and can fill a 25 cm pot in just a few years given the best conditions. Watch. Mammillaria bocasana cv.”Fred” 12 X 11cm. There are over 300 species of Mammillaria, but most you won’t see in the nursery. Description: Columnar plants, usually solitary but they can form pups on old plants. Propagation is facilitated by offsets of seeds sown in early spring in 19 to 24 °C (34 to 43 °F) weather. Un Pico in having mostly spineless areoles with only few occasional spines scattered irregularly on the stem. It may look fluffy, but take care not to touch it—the spines are pretty sharp. £3.95 postage. Watch. Possibly a form of. The flowers are purple-pink. [10] The subspecies pilcayensis is named for its occurrence in the Barranca de Pilcaya, in Guerrero. APPEARANCE. polyacantha, Mammillaria spinosissima var. : Crested form. [3], Pfeiffer had published the first infrageneric division of Mammillaria in 1837, dividing the genus into two groups based on distinct spine characteristics. Mammillaria spinosissima is a cactus with a cylindrical, dark blue-green stem almost hidden under a dense covering of spines. Mammillaria haasii Click & Collect. £2.50. Watch. Mammillaria pitcayensis The genus is marked by its dimorphic areoles: the spine bearing, or vegetative, areoles are located on the apex of the tubercle, and flowering areoles are located inside the axils of the tubercles. Origin: Mexico. The color of the spines are usually red or rust (common name Red headed Irishman), but can be white. Un Pico Monstruosa, /Encyclopedia/CACTI/Family/Cactaceae/13857/Mammillaria_spinosissima_f._rubrispina. Plants are typically watered once every two or three weeks, and kept nearly dry during the winter months. The flowers are funnel-shaped and range from 7 mm to 40 mm and more in length and in diameter, from white and greenish to yellow, pink and red in colour, often with a darker mid-stripe; the reddish hues are due to betalain pigments as usual for Caryophyllales. [2] Species have also been documented in the West Indies. Subject to sunburn if exposed to direct sun for too long. Soils: It likes very porous standard cactus mix soil with little organic matter (peat, humus). Some are small and yellow or white, while a few species have showy flowers which stand on long floral tubes above the plant. Cuttings of healthy shoots can be taken in the spring and summer. pilcayensis, Mammillaria pilcayensis var. The spines are red-brown or white, with cream-colored radials and pink, funnel-shaped flowers that grow in a ring around the apex of the stem to approximately 2 centimetres (0.79 in) long. After your cactus blooms, if the blossoms were pollinated, your cactus may set fruits. Without latex. Botanist David Hunt collected a specimen in 1971, when he located one near Sierra de Tepoztlan, Mexico. With at least 145 recognized species, it is one of the largest and most morphologically variable genera in the cactus family. It might have some latex and bristles in the axils. The cuttings should root in 2 to 6 weeks. Cactus in Bloom 01.jpg 592 × 448; 80 KB. 4" Pot Size. [5], Species similar to Mammillaria spinosissima include Mammillaria backebergiana and Mammillaria meyranii. Mammillaria wildii. The color of the spines vary from red or rust to white. ©2013-2020 LLIFLE - Encyclopedia of living forms, See all synonyms of Mammillaria spinosissima, (F.Haage) F.Haage in L.H.Bailey ex Brandegee, Mammillaria Postscripts 6: 8 (1997), nom. [2] The stem is woolly and covered with bristles. pulcherrima, Mammillaria spinosissima f. rubrispina cristata, Mammillaria spinosissima f. tepoztlanensis, Mammillaria spinosissima subs. The fruits are typically red, tube-like structures resembling little candies and are edible. They require no pruning and make good patio and container plants. In 1845, Joseph zu Salm-Reifferscheidt-Dyck – based on work by Frederick Scheer – expanded the classification into eight groups. They prefer low humidity, and grow well under glass, with full, filtered sun from the south, north, and east. Volume IV, The Carnegie Institution of Washington, Washington 1923 8) Ulises Guzmán “Catálogo de cactáceas mexicanas.” Universidad National Autonoma de México, Mexico-State 2007.10) John Pilbeam “Mammillaria The Cactus File Handbook”. The seedlings should not be disturbed until they are well rooted, after which they can be planted separately in small pots. Flowers vary in color but are typically creamy pink or yellow. > saiba mais. [6] Subspecies include M. spinosissima pilcayensis, synonym: Bravo (D. R. Hunt), M. spinosissima tepoxtlana (D. R. Hunt), and M. spinosissima spinosissima (Lem.). You will receive a very similar plant to the one in the picture. : has a dark green cylindrical stem and long white spines, the central spines having red tips. Nonetheless, there are several pests to watch for: - Red spiders: Sensitive to red spider mite. Ending Sunday at 8:11PM GMT 5d 19h. Mammillaria gasterantha It is a columnar plant and is usually solitary but they can form pups on old plants. The “rubrispina” selection forms nice clumps of columns, densely spined with bright coppery red spines.Stem: Cylindrical, dark blue-green, rarely exceeding 30 cm in height, 6 - 7 (10 cm) cm in diameter. The plant is shipped in its pot to prevent any damage to the roots). 1 bid. Stem:Cylindrical, dark blue-green, rarely exceeding 30 cm in Mammillaria spinosissima (/ˌmæmɪˈlɛəriə ˌspɪnoʊˈsɪsɪmə/), also known as the spiny pincushion cactus, is a species of flowering plant in the cactus family Cactaceae, endemic to the central Mexican states of Guerrero and Morelos, where they grow at elevations of approximately 1,600 to 1,900 metres (5,200 to 6,200 ft). £4.50 postage. Cuttings will take root in a minimum temperature of 20° C (but better in hot weather). [8] The relatively small cacti are globular or elongated, and the flowers produce generally bright red berries that are club-shaped, smooth, and juicy. Echinopsis subdenudata (Pseudoechinopsis 'Dominos') Epiphyllum sp., red. Mammillaria elongate cactus (gold lace cactus, ladyfinger cactus)with white flowers in blur background. Location. Mammillaria spinosissima “Red headed irishmen” has very attractive copper/red colored spines and is one of the most beautiful mammillarias. Results Pagination - Page 1 ... Make Offer - Beautiful Mammillaria spinosissima cactus cacti succulent live plant #10-374. Forms tangled brain-like cushions up to 30 (or more) cm in diameter, each areole only produces one spine. This mammillaria variety can grow up to 5 inches tall and has a clumping habit. It has a central spine, pointing upwards, from white to almost black, turning brown or grayish with age and up to 5 mm long. $8.50. Uses: It is an excellent plant for container growing. M. spinosissima is very variable due to its wide area of origin in Mexico. 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